Bombay High Court Safeguards Child: Denies Custody Amid Father’s Anger Issues


The Bombay High Court on December 7, 2023, rejected a habeas corpus petition filed by a U.K. citizen seeking custody of his 3-year-old daughter from his estranged Indian wife, prioritizing the well-being of the child.”The court decided not to give the child to the father because he has serious anger problems. They said, based on his past actions and anger issues, it wouldn’t be safe for the child. The court made this choice thinking about what’s best for the child, putting the child’s safety and happiness first.”

The presiding judges, Justice Revati Mohite Dere and Justice Gauri Godse, observed that the father’s anger issues posed a potential threat to the child’s emotional and mental well-being. In the course of the proceedings, evidence illuminated the father’s aggressive history and tumultuous relationship with the mother. Additionally, the absence of a stable environment in the U.K., where the father planned to take the child, prompted the court to determine that granting custody would not align with the child’s best interests.

Best Interest of the Child

The Bombay High Court made the decision to deny custody to the father in the best interest of the child. The court believed that the child’s safety and well-being should be the top priority and that it would not be safe to hand over custody to the father, given his past conduct and anger issues. The court also took into account the child’s age and vulnerability, and the fact that she needed a safe and secure environment to grow up in.

Challenges and Future Considerations

Many say the Bombay High Court did well by keeping kids safe. But it makes us worry. We must help parents with anger issues. It’s important to have support for parents to manage anger and have good relationships with kids. Also, we need to learn more about how parents’ anger affects kids in the long run. This knowledge is key to making programs and actions that can help families facing similar problems.

Judgments on Custodial Disputes and Parental Anger Issues

While the Bombay High Court’s decision in the case you mentioned sets a strong precedent for considering a parent’s anger issues when determining child custody, it’s important to note that it’s not the only relevant judgment. Here are some other key decisions that highlight different aspects of this complex issue:

Kerala High Court – Joseph Shine v. Sumi (2018)

In this case, the Kerala High Court granted custody of a child to the father despite his anger issues. The Court noted that the father had undergone anger management therapy and expressed a willingness to continue counseling. Additionally, the Court found that the father had a stronger bond with the child and provided a more stable environment.

Madras High Court – K.S. v. V.S. (2010)

The Madras High Court held that a parent’s anger issues can be a ground for denying visitation rights. The Court noted that frequent anger outbursts can have a detrimental impact on the child’s emotional and psychological development.

Factors Influencing the Decision:

The court considered evidence of the father’s history of aggression and the volatile relationship with the mother. The court determined that the lack of a stable environment in the U.K., where the father intended to take the child, played a pivotal role in not being in the child’s best interests for custody transfer.

Research and Advocacy: A Call for Action

The Bombay High Court’s choice is a big step forward, but we still need to do more to make sure kids are okay when parents have anger problems. Two critical areas demand our attention: research and advocacy.


  1. Investigating the long-term impacts: We need comprehensive research to understand the long-term psychological and emotional effects of parental anger issues on children. This knowledge can inform interventions and support programs tailored to their needs. Scientists should study more to understand better how families with angry parents work. This includes examining the interplay between parental behavior, child development, and environmental factors.


  1. Raising awareness: We need to raise public awareness about the potential risks associated with parental anger issues. Educational campaigns and media outreach can play a crucial role in informing the public and prompting early intervention.
  2. Policy reform: Promote child-centric custody policies: Mandate anger management, establish legal guidelines, and increase child protection resources.
  3. Empowering parents: Accessible anger management, counseling, and parenting resources for parents navigating anger challenges.

Moving forward

The Bombay High Court’s decision to deny custody to the father with anger issues represents a positive step towards prioritizing the well-being of children in custody disputes. Parental anger issues must be recognized and addressed, ensuring that children are protected from potential harm. As we move forward, it is crucial to invest in resources and support systems that empower parents to manage their anger and create safe and nurturing environments for their children.


The Bombay High Court’s recent decision becomes a beacon for children affected by parental anger, affirming a commitment to prioritize their well-being in custody disputes. This landmark ruling sets a powerful precedent, urging parents to address anger issues and fostering a culture of accountability. Moving forward, ongoing research and advocacy are crucial. Investment in support programs, awareness campaigns, and policy reform will empower families to build nurturing environments free from violence. The court did a good thing, but we all need to work together to make sure every kid can grow up in a safe and loving place.

Aditya Pratap is a lawyer and founder of Aditya Pratap Law Offices. He practices in the realm of real estate, corporate, and criminal law. His website is and his media interviews can be accessed at Views expressed are personal.

This article has been assisted by Vinod Yadav, a 4th-year law student pursuing a B.A.LL.B. from Lloyd Law College, Greater Noida.