The 5G Battleground: Qualcomm and MediaTek Clash for India’s Chip Crown


India, the world’s second-largest market for smartphones, is poised for a technological revolution. As the country gets ready to embrace the revolutionary possibilities of 5G, Qualcomm, and MediaTek, two titans of the chip industry, are engaged in a brutal struggle for supremacy. This essay explores the complexities of this chip battle, examining the tactics, advantages, and regulatory environments that each player must contend with to win the 5G market crown in India.

Qualcomm: The Established Kingpin

Qualcomm, the San Diego-based behemoth, has long reigned supreme in the global chip market. Its Snapdragon processors power premium smartphones from Apple, Samsung, and Google, and its modem technology is considered the gold standard for 5G connectivity. In India, Qualcomm boasts a strong foothold in the premium segment, capturing 35% and 37% market share in Q3 2023 for premium and super-premium smartphones, respectively.

Qualcomm’s wide range of innovative technology gives it a competitive advantage. High-end gadgets favour its Snapdragon 8 Gen 2 flagship CPU because of its greater performance, AI capabilities, and power economy. Furthermore, Qualcomm has a sizable portfolio of patents that shield its intellectual property and make it more difficult for rivals to copy its technologies.

Qualcomm, however, has a tough fight in the cost-conscious Indian market. Because its chips are frequently more costly than those of its competitors are, they are less affordable for customers on a tight budget. This weakness gives MediaTek, a rival, an advantage.

MediaTek: The Rising Challenger

MediaTek, the Taiwanese chipmaker, has emerged as a formidable force in recent years. Its focus on affordable, high-performance processors has resonated with consumers in emerging markets like India. In Q3 2023, MediaTek captured a close 31% market share in the Indian smartphone market by volume.

Delivering value for money is what makes MediaTek so strong. Even while its Dimensity chipsets are not as potent as Qualcomm’s Snapdragon models, they nonetheless offer respectable performance at a lot less money. They are therefore appealing to both consumers and manufacturers on a tight budget. To further increase its market share, MediaTek has formed reliable alliances with regional Indian smartphone manufacturers like Micromax and Lava.

However, MediaTek’s reputation for inferior performance and less recognizable brand names than Qualcomm might make it more difficult for it to take market share in India’s premium market. Furthermore, its intellectual property portfolio is not as broad as Qualcomm’s, which could expose it to future legal issues.

The Legal Landscape: A Complex Terrain

The battle for India’s 5G market is not solely fought on technological grounds. Legal frameworks play a crucial role in shaping the competitive landscape. Key areas of legal focus include:

  • Intellectual Property (IP) Rights: Qualcomm’s extensive patent portfolio grants it a significant advantage, potentially allowing it to block or limit competitors’ use of its technology. Conversely, MediaTek could challenge Qualcomm’s patents in Indian courts; potentially reducing the latter is advantage.
  • Anti-Trust Regulations: In recent years, the Competition Commission of India (CCI) in India has been more watchful, closely examining any possible instances of anti-competitive behavior in the technology sector. Qualcomm and MediaTek must guarantee that their pricing tactics and market operations conform to the anti-trust legislation of India.
  • Data Privacy and Security: Concerns about data security and privacy are probably going to get worse as 5G usage grows. Both chipmakers would have to prove that they follow data protection guidelines and put strong security measures in place to comply with Indian laws like the Personal Data Protection (PDP) Bill.

Navigating these legal complexities will be crucial for both Qualcomm and MediaTek. Understanding and complying with Indian laws will not only minimize legal risks but also build trust and goodwill with consumers and regulators alike.

Beyond the Battle: Collaboration and Innovation

While the current scenario might depict a fierce rivalry, it is important to recognize the potential for collaborative innovation within the Indian 5G ecosystem. Both Qualcomm and MediaTek can contribute to India’s 5G aspirations by:

  • Investing in Research & Development: Collaborating with Indian research institutions and universities can foster innovation and accelerate the development of homegrown chip technologies.
  • Supporting Local Manufacturing: Establishing chip-manufacturing facilities in India can not only create jobs but also reduce dependence on imports, strengthening the nation’s technological self-reliance.
  • Promoting Open Standards and Interoperability: To ensure a robust and competitive 5G ecosystem in India, open standards and compatible technology are essential. To achieve this goal, both chipmakers should actively participate in industry forums and activities.

The Wildcard: Jio Platforms and the Rise of “Made in India” Chips

India’s homegrown telecom giant, Jio Platforms, has emerged as a potential game-changer in the chip landscape. Jio, in collaboration with MediaTek, has announced plans to develop and manufacture 5G chipsets in India. This initiative, backed by the Indian government’s “Make in India” vision, could significantly disrupt the market and challenge the dominance of established players like Qualcomm.

The Future Unfolds: A Complex and Evolving Landscape

Predicting the ultimate victor in India’s 5G chip war is no easy feat. The landscape is complex, evolving, and influenced by various factors, including technological advancements, legal frameworks, government policies, and consumer preferences. However, one thing is certain: the competition between Qualcomm and MediaTek, fueled by the immense potential of the Indian market, will drive innovation, benefit consumers, and shape the future of India’s digital landscape.

Conclusion: A 5G Chessboard with No Easy Checkmates

Qualcomm and MediaTek are competing in India’s 5G market, with Qualcomm’s technological superiority pitted against MediaTek’s low cost and regional relationships. Complicating matters is Jio Platforms’ “Made in India” philosophy. IoT, cloud, and AI collaboration are essential to 5G’s potential.

It is difficult to predict who will win because consumer preferences, policy, and legal frameworks can tip the scales. Innovation, agility, and adaptability characterise the 5G champion. It’s about influencing industries and lifestyles while building India’s digital future. Since the result is unpredictable, the ultimate arrangement is something to look forward to. The struggle for India’s 5G throne is about more than simply market dominance; it’s about shaping the course of the country’s digital future.

Aditya Pratap is a lawyer and founder of Aditya Pratap Law Offices. He practices in the realm of real estate, corporate, and criminal law. His website is and his media interviews can be accessed at Views expressed are personal.

Vinod Yadav, a 4th-year law student pursuing a B.A.LL.B. from Lloyd Law College, Greater Noida, assisted with this article.